Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

The WIC Program provides vouchers for nutritional foods and nutrition information to participants. This program promotes good health and nutrition for pregnant, post-partum, and breast-feeding women, infants, and children up to age five.

Please Note: We are doing scheduled appointments Monday through Friday. Please call 320-983-8208 to schedule an appointment.

WIC Eligibility Requirements

Applicants must meet all of the following eligibility requirements:

  • Categorical
  • Categorical Requirement
  • Income
  • Nutrition Risk
  • Residential

Who is Eligible

The WIC Program is designed to serve certain categories of women, infants, and children. Therefore, the following individuals are considered categorically eligible for WIC:

Women

Women must meet these requirements to qualify:

  • Breastfeeding (up to the infant's first birthday)
  • Postpartum (up to six months after the birth of the infant or the end of the pregnancy)
  • Pregnant (during pregnancy and up to 6 weeks after the birth of an infant or the end of the pregnancy)

Infants

Infants qualify up to the infant's first birthday.

Children

Children qualify up to the child's fifth birthday.

Residential Requirement

Applicants must live in the State in which they apply. Applicants served in areas where WIC is administered by an Indian Tribal Organization (ITO) must meet residency requirements established by the ITO. At State agency option, applicants may be required to live in a local service area and apply at a WIC clinic that serves that area. Applicants are not required to live in the State or local service area for a certain amount of time in order to meet the WIC residency requirement.

Income Requirement

To be eligible for WIC, applicants must have income at or below an income level or standard set by the State agency or be determined automatically income-eligible based on participation in certain programs.

Income Guidelines (Effective as of May 1, 2017)

Pregnant women count as 2 people
Family Size
Annual Income
1 $22,311
2 $30,044
3 $37,777
4 $45,510
5 $53,243
6 $60,976
7 $68,709
8 $76,442

Income Standard

The State agency's income standard must be between 100% of the Federal poverty guidelines (issued each year by the Department of Health and Human Services), but cannot be more than 185% of the Federal poverty income guidelines.

Automatic Income

Certain applicants can be determined income-eligible for WIC based on their participation in certain programs. These included individuals:

  • Eligible to receive SNAP benefits, Medicaid, for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, formerly known as AFDC, Aid to Families with Dependent Children),
  • In which certain family members are eligible to receive Medicaid or TANF
  • Individuals that are eligible to participate in certain other State-administered programs.

Nutrition Risk Requirement

Applicants must be seen by a health professional such as a physician, nurse, or nutritionist who must determine whether the individual is at nutrition risk. In many cases, this is done in the WIC clinic at no cost to the applicant. However, this information can be obtained from another health professional such as the applicant's physician.

Medical-Based or Dietary-Based Conditions

"Nutrition risk" means that an individual has medical-based or dietary-based conditions. Examples of medical-based conditions include anemia (low blood levels), underweight, or history of poor pregnancy outcome. A dietary-based condition includes, for example, a poor diet.

At a minimum, the applicant's height and weight must be measured and blood work taken to check for anemia.

An applicant must have at least one of the medical or dietary conditions on the State's list of WIC nutrition risk criteria.

Set Standards

While most States use the maximum guidelines, States may set lower income limit standards. A person or certain family members who participate in other benefits programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Medicaid, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families automatically meet the income eligibility requirement.